C. Michael Foale, is an astronaut with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) who has flown on both the American Space Shuttle and the Russian Soyuz spacecraft. A veteran of six space flights, Foale has logged more than 374 days in space, including four space walks totaling 22 hours and 44 minutes. Foale currently holds the U.S. record for time spent in space. He is an active astronaut, supporting Soyuz operations, and International Space Station (ISS) and Exploration space suit activities.
Foale was selected as an astronaut candidate by NASA in June 1987. Before his first flight he flew the Shuttle Avionics Integration Laboratory (SAIL) simulator to provide verification and testing of the shuttle flight software, and later developed crew rescue and integrated operations for International Space Station Alpha. In preparation for a long-duration flight on the Russian Space Station Mir, Foale trained at the Cosmonaut Training Center, Star City, Russia. Foale also served as chief of the Astronaut Office Expedition Corps, assistant director (technical) of the Johnson Space Center, and deputy associate administrator for exploration operations, NASA Headquarters.