By Nathan Brown, Ph.D., George Washington University; Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
The current leaders of Egypt and Saudi Arabia are trying to assert much more political control over their respective country's religious institutions. The lesson the regimes seem to have taken away from the Arab upheavals is not the necessity of pluralism, but instead the need for more regimentation, control and exclusion.
Nathan Brown explains these issues in both a short issue brief and longer research paper on pluralism and inclusion in the Middle East after the Arab Spring. The project is generously supported by a grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York.
Click here to read the brief in Arabic. (تقرير موجز بالعربية)