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Hack or Attack? Shamoon and the Evolution of Cyber Conflict

Christopher Bronk

Hack or Attack? Shamoon and the Evolution of Cyber Conflict.

Information technology experts study the background and context of the Shamoon cyberattack on Saudi Aramco, as well as itemize open-source facts and public statements surrounding the episode. This paper has been approved for publication in the March 2013 issue of Survival, Global Politics and Strategy.