Mohamed ElBaradei is the director general of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), an intergovernmental organization in the United Nations system.
For more than four decades, ElBaradei has served with distinction as an Egyptian diplomat, international civil servant and scholar. He joined the United Nations in 1980, became a senior staff member of the IAEA in 1984, and was appointed director general in 1997. His third and final four-year term in this position began in September 2005 and will finish Nov. 30, 2009. From 1981 to 1987, he was also an adjunct professor of international law at New York University.
ElBaradei has received many awards, decorations and honorary degrees for his work as an advocate of tolerance and humanity. In 2005, he and the IAEA were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize "for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way." In its citation, the Norwegian Nobel Committee referred to ElBaradei as an "unafraid advocate" of measures to strengthen the nuclear nonproliferation regime.