Founded in 1993, Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy has established itself as one of the premier nonpartisan public policy think tanks in the country. The institute ranks 4th among university-affiliated think tanks worldwide and 17th among U.S. think tanks, according to a 2016 study by the University of Pennsylvania's Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program. The institute's Center for Energy Studies is ranked No. 2 among the world’s energy- and resource-policy think tanks, making it the No. 1 such think tank in the United States, according to the survey.