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Center for the Middle East



Triumphalism in Hagia Sophia

A.Kadir Yildirim

Triumphalism in Hagia Sophia.

The Hagia Sophia’s conversion from a museum into a mosque symbolizes a victory for Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Islamists beyond Turkey’s borders, while also endangering one of the world’s most important heritage sites. Read more at the Sada Journal at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.