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Center for the Middle East



State-led Entrepreneurship and Economic Diversification in GCC States

State-led Entrepreneurship and Economic Diversification in GCC States.

By M. Evren Tok, Ph.D., Hamad Bin Khalifa University

GCC states have taken an active role in supporting entrepreneurship creation, as part of efforts to diversify and grow their economies. Yet while state-led entrepreneurship policies have worked to achieve many positive outcomes, they have also revealed some major shortcomings, such as reinforcing the political status quo and limiting the possibility of genuine change toward democratization.

M. Evren Tok explores these issues in short issue briefs (in English and in Arabic) and longer research paper. All are part of a project on pluralism and inclusion in the Middle East generously supported by a grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York.

Click here to read the brief in Arabic. (تقرير موجز بالعربية)
Click here to read the research paper (English).
Click here to read the brief in English.