We are working closely with Rice University to monitor the continued impact of Covid-19 on our community. The health and safety of our guests and staff are our top priority. All gatherings at Baker Hall through April 30 have been canceled. A current list of scheduled online events is available at bakerinstitute.org/events and will be updated with new webcasts and webinars. Please refer to emergency.rice.edu/coronavirus for additional information and updates.

Research Library

Center for the Middle East

Erdogan won and lost in referendum

A.Kadir Yildirim

Erdogan won and lost in referendum.

Turkey President Recep Erdogan gained greater political power through the country's constitutional referendum, held April 16, 2017, but he failed to secure democratic legitimacy to shore up public support, research scholar A.Kadir Yildirim writes in this blog post for the Washington Post's Monkey Cage blog: http://wapo.st/2o7OJTp.