Energy Over the Next 20 Years

This brief examines trends in energy demand patterns highlighted by 2018 energy outlooks prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration, the International Energy Agency, and BP. The authors also explore the challenges these trends pose for policymakers around the globe in trying to meet two — often contradictory — goals: 1) raising the economic prospects for billions in the less economically developed world, which implies an increase in demand for energy, and 2) decreasing the use of fossil fuels as part of a global climate change effort.