Richard Stoll, Baker Institute Rice scholar, shares his thoughts on the recent agreement between the United States and North Korea in a recent Baker Institute Blog post. The agreement, which stemmed from a bilateral meeting between the two countries in Beijing, outlined provisions for a moratorium on long-range missile launches, nuclear tests and various activities at the facilities at Yongbyon; allowing inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency to verify and monitor the enrichment moratorium, as well as the disabling of a five-megawatt North Korean reactor; and a targeted program of U.S. nutritional assistance to North Korea over the next 12 months.
Stoll notes that if all of this comes to pass, a positive relationship could come to bloom. But, he warns the United States to be cautious. Stole writes:
"Proceed carefully, and ensure that North Korea is keeping its end of the bargain. If it does, move forward and consider using other carrots (positive inducements); if North Korea does not keep its end of the bargain, then the United States should use sticks (negative inducements)."