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The U.S. Census Bureau recently released a new poverty measure to replace the much-maligned official poverty measure that has not changed since 1963. 

Rachel Tolbert Kimbro, Ph.D., a Rice University sociologist and Baker Institute Rice scholar, examines the new criteria, blogging that:

" ... the new measure shows a shift in who is poor -- from families with children to the elderly. Even with Social Security and Medicare, many elderly are burdened with high medical expenses, which the new measure takes into account. In contrast, poor families with children, who may be eligible for a variety of programs like SNAP, Temporary Aid to Needy Families and the EITC, look better under the new measure once those government transfers are taken into account."