José Antonio Ocampo, Ph.D., is a nonresident fellow for the Latin America Initiative at the Baker Institute. He is professor and director of the economic and political development concentration in the School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University, where he is also a member of the Committee on Global Thought and co-president of the Initiative for Policy Dialogue.
In 2012, Ocampo chaired the panel created by the board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to review the activities of the IMF’s Independent Evaluation Office. In 2008-2010, he was co-director of the United Nations Development Programme and Organization of American States project on democracy in Latin America. In 2009, he was a member of the Commission of Experts of the U.N. General Assembly on Reforms of the International Monetary and Financial System.
From 2003 to 2007, he served as the United Nations under-secretary-general for economic and social affairs and head of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Prior to that, he was executive secretary of the U.N. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. From 1989 to 1997, Ocampo held a number of high-level posts in the Colombian government, including minister of finance and public credit, chair of the Central Bank board, director of the National Planning Department, and minister of agriculture and rural development. In the academic world, he was the director of the Foundation for Higher Education and Development (Fedesarrollo), a professor at Universidad de los Andes and Universidad Nacional de Colombia, and a visiting professor at Cambridge, Oxford and Yale.
His most recent books include “The Economic Development of Latin America since Independence” (2012); “Development Cooperation in Times of Crisis,” co-edited with José Antonio Alonso (2012); “The Oxford Handbook of Latin American Economics,” co-edited with Jaime Ros (2011); “Time for a Visible Hand: Lessons from the 2008 World Financial Crisis,” co-edited with Stephany Griffith-Jones and Joseph E. Stiglitz (2010); and “Growth and Policy in Developing Countries: A Structuralist Approach,” with Lance Taylor and Codrina Rada (2009). Ocampo received the 2012 Jaume Vicens Vives Award from the Spanish Association of Economic History for the best book on Spanish or Latin American economic history, the 2008 Leontief Prize for Advancing the Frontiers of Economic Thought, and the 1988 Alejandro Angel Escobar National Science Award of Colombia. He holds a B.A. from the University of Notre Dame and a Ph.D. in economics from Yale University.