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Baker Institute China Energy Map Updates

2020 Q2, released July 10, 2020
  • Crude oil pipelines: 98 pipelines with a total length of 25,430 km and total throughput capacity of 23 million bpd (MBD);
  • Refined product pipelines: 87 pipelines with a total network length of 27,945 km and a total throughput capacity of 7.7 MBD;
  • Oil refineries: 208 facilities with 22.3 MBD of processing capacity;
  • Oil storage facilities: 288 facilities with approximately 1.12 billion barrels of total storage capacity (crude oil: 74 facilities with 764.3 million barrels of capacity; refined products: 214 facilities with 359.4 million barrels of capacity);
  • Oil ports: 61 docking facilities for oil tankers with a total throughput capacity of 15.3 MBD;
  • Coal power plants: 2,956 power stations with a total installed capacity of 1,145 GW, 997 GW of which are currently in operation;
  • Nuclear power plants:114 reactors with a total installed capacity of 95 GW. 45 GW are operational; and
  • EV battery factories:185 facilities, 176 of which are online, 8 are under construction and 1 has been announced.
     

Table 1: China Energy Map Data Coverage Compared to Public Estimates

 

Indicators

China Energy Map Tabulated Capacity

Most Recent Publicly Available Capacity Estimate

Year of Estimate Baseline Data

Crude pipelines length (thousand km)

25.4

28.7

2017

Crude pipelines capacity (MBD)

23.0

14.5

2018

Refined pipelines length (thousand km)

27.9

27.2

2017

Refined pipelines capacity (MBD)

7.7

4.9

2015

Oil refineries capacity (MBD)

22.7

17.3

2019

Crude storage capacity (MBBL)

764

760

 2020

Product storage capacity (MBBL)

359

N/A

 

Oil port throughout capacity (MBD)

15.3

N/A

 

Coal power plants operating capacity (GW)

997

1040

2019

Nuclear power plants operating capacity (GW)

45

49

2019

EV battery factories (number of units)

185

N/A

 

Sources: National Development and Reform Commission of China, http://www.ndrc.gov.cn/zcfb/zcfbtz/201701/W020170119333354977981.pdf;
Ruining Hou, January 16, 2019, https://www.jiemian.com/article/2798250.html;
Shivani Singh and Muyu Xu, Jan 16, 2020, Reuters, https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-economy-output-oil/chinas-2019-and-december-crude-oil-runs-hit-record-highs-idUSKBN1ZG0AS;
Muyu Xu, Shu Zhang, and Devika Krishna Kumar, Feb 13, 2020, Reuters, https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-health-oil-storage/stranded-tankers-full-storage-tanks-coronavirus-leads-to-crude-glut-in-china-idUSKBN2072NR;
China Electricity Council, April 26, 2020, https://www.cec.org.cn/detail/index.html?1-281670.

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2020 Q1, released March 11, 2020
  • Crude oil pipelines: 98 pipelines with a total length of 25,430 km and total throughput capacity of 23 million bpd (MBD);
  • Refined product pipelines: 87 pipelines with a total network length of 27,945 km and a total throughput capacity of 7.7 MBD;
  • Oil refineries: 208 facilities with 22.3 MBD of processing capacity;
  • Oil storage facilities: 287 facilities with approximately 1.06 billion barrels of total storage capacity (crude oil: 74 facilities with 706.1 million barrels of capacity; refined products: 213 facilities with 357 million barrels of capacity); and
  • Oil Ports: 59 docking facilities for oil tankers with a total throughput capacity of 15.3 MBD.
     

Table 1: China Oil Map Data Coverage Compared to Public Estimates

Indicators

China Oil Map Tabulated Capacity

Most Recent Publicly Available Capacity Estimate

Year of Estimate Baseline Data

Crude pipelines length (thousand km)

25.4

28.7

2017

Crude pipelines capacity (MBD)

23.0

14.5

2018

Refined pipelines length (thousand km)

27.9

27.2

2017

Refined pipelines capacity (MBD)

7.7

4.9

2015

Oil refineries capacity (MBD)

22.3

17.3

2019

Crude storage capacity (MBBL)

706.1

760.0

 2020

Product storage capacity (MBBL)

357.0

N/A

 

Oil port throughout capacity (MBD)

15.3

N/A

 

Sources: National Development and Reform Commission of China, http://www.ndrc.gov.cn/zcfb/zcfbtz/201701/W020170119333354977981.pdf;
Ruining Hou, January 16, 2019, https://www.jiemian.com/article/2798250.html;
Shivani Singh and Muyu Xu, Jan 16, 2020, Reuters, https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-economy-output-oil/chinas-2019-and-december-crude-oil-runs-hit-record-highs-idUSKBN1ZG0AS;
Muyu Xu, Shu Zhang, and Devika Krishna Kumar, Feb 13, 2020, Reuters, https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-health-oil-storage/stranded-tankers-full-storage-tanks-coronavirus-leads-to-crude-glut-in-china-idUSKBN2072NR.

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2019 Q4, released December 9, 2019

China Oil Map is updated with new attribute information within individual facilities, but the statistic summary remains unchanged from the Q3 version.

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2019 Q3, released September 11, 2019
  • Crude oil pipelines: 98 pipelines with a total length of 25,430 km and total throughput capacity of 20.01 million bpd (MBD);
  • Refined product pipelines: 80 pipelines with a total network length of 27,337 km and a total throughput capacity of 6.4 MBD;
  • Oil refineries: 205 facilities with 22.3 MBD of processing capacity;
  • Oil storage facilities: 285 facilities with approximately 1.06 billion barrels of total storage capacity (crude oil: 73 facilities with 706.1 million barrels of capacity; refined products: 211 facilities with 355.4 million barrels of capacity); and
  • Oil Ports: 59 docking facilities for oil tankers with a total throughput capacity of 15.3 MBD.
     

Table 1: China Oil Map Data Coverage Compared to Public Estimates

Indicators

China Oil Map Tabulated Capacity

Most Recent Publicly Available Capacity Estimate

Year of Estimate Baseline Data

Crude pipelines length (thousand km)

25.4

27.0

2015

Crude pipelines capacity (MBD)

20.0

10.6

2015

Refined pipelines length (thousand km)

27.3

21.0

2015

Refined pipelines capacity (MBD)

6.4

4.9

2015

Oil refineries capacity (MBD)

22.3

16.7

2018

Crude storage capacity (MBBL)

706.1

N/A

 

Product storage capacity (MBBL)

355.4

N/A

 

Oil port throughout capacity (MBD)

15.3

N/A

 

Sources: National Development and Reform Commission of China, http://www.ndrc.gov.cn/zcfb/zcfbtz/201701/W020170119333354977981.pdf;
Ruining Hou, January 16, 2019, https://www.jiemian.com/article/2798250.html.

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2019 Q2, released June 1, 2019
  • Crude oil pipelines: 95 pipelines with a total length of 24,389 km and total throughput capacity of 19.04 million bpd (MBD);
  • Refined product pipelines: 80 pipelines with a total network length of 26,180 km and a total throughput capacity of 5.8 MBD;
  • Oil refineries: 201 facilities with 21.1 MBD of processing capacity;
  • Oil storage facilities: 283 facilities with approximately 1.06 billion barrels of total storage capacity (crude oil: 72 facilities with 702.3 million barrels of capacity; refined products: 211 facilities with 355.4 million barrels of capacity); and
  • Oil Ports: 56 docking facilities for oil tankers with a total throughput capacity of 15.05 MBD

 

Table 1: China Oil Map Data Coverage Compared to Public Estimates

Indicators

China Oil Map Tabulated Capacity

Most Recent Publicly Available Capacity Estimate

Year of Estimate Baseline Data

Crude pipelines length (thousand km)

24.4

27.0

2015

Crude pipelines capacity (MBD)

19.0

10.6

2015

Refined pipelines length (thousand km)

26.2

21.0

2015

Refined pipelines capacity (MBD)

5.8

4.9

2015

Oil refineries capacity (MBD)

21.1

16.7

2018

Crude storage capacity (MBBL)

702.3

N/A

 

Product storage capacity (MBBL)

355.4

N/A

 

Oil port throughput capacity (MBD)

15.0

N/A

 

Sources: National Development and Reform Commission of China, http://www.ndrc.gov.cn/zcfb/zcfbtz/201701/W020170119333354977981.pdf; 
Ruining Hou, January 16, 2019, https://www.jiemian.com/article/2798250.html.

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2019 Q1, released February 25, 2019 (Original version)
  • Crude oil pipelines: 95 pipelines with a total length of 24,389 km and total throughput capacity of 19.04 million bpd (MBD);
  • Refined product pipelines: 80 pipelines with a total network length of 26,180 km and a total throughput capacity of 5.8 MBD;
  • Oil refineries: 194 facilities with 18.6 MBD of processing capacity; and
  • Oil storage facilities: 278 facilities with approximately 1 billion barrels of total storage capacity (crude oil: 68 facilities with 661.6 million barrels of capacity; refined products: 210 facilities with 352.2 million barrels of capacity)

 

Table 1: China Oil Map Data Coverage Compared to Public Estimates

Indicators

China Oil Map Tabulated Capacity

Most Recent Publicly Available Capacity Estimate

Year of Estimate Baseline Data

Crude pipelines length (thousand km)

24.4

27.0

2015

Crude pipelines capacity (MBD)

19.0

10.6

2015

Refined pipelines length (thousand km)

26.2

21.0

2015

Refined pipelines capacity (MBD)

5.8

4.9

2015

Oil refineries capacity (MBD)

18.6

16.7

2018

Crude storage capacity (MBBL)

662.0

N/A

 

Product storage capacity (MBBL)

352.0

N/A

 

Sources: National Development and Reform Commission of China, http://www.ndrc.gov.cn/zcfb/zcfbtz/201701/W020170119333354977981.pdf; 
Ruining Hou, January 16, 2019, https://www.jiemian.com/article/2798250.html.