In a recent Baker Institute policy report, the Baker Institute Health Economics Program breaks down the impact the 2010 Affordable Care Act (ACA) will have on the health care workforce, defined as "all health professionals and workers who contribute to the delivery of health care."

The policy report outlines the potential for personnel shortages as demand for primary care workers increases in response to the ACA expanding access to health care.

"If the ACA is fully implemented, short-term dislocations between supply and demand are likely to emerge. Health insurance will be nearly fully extended in 2014, but programs to increase the supply of primary care providers will not bear fruit for four to seven years. Many allied health professionals face significant shortages of both workers and education programs; development of new programs will take time."